5,000 Year Old Footprints Found

These are the moments that I believe every archaeologist lives for. Footprints, handprints, and finger swipes make the people of the past come to life. I have only seen fingerprints on pottery, but I can tell you that it is the most amazing experience to hold something that you know someone created thousands of years ago.

(Image from the attatched article)

http://news.discovery.com/history/archaeology/5000-year-old-footprints-found-in-denmark-14111.htm

Cave System in China is a Must-See

Photo from the inside of the Miao chamber.

 

 

I’ve always wanted to go to China for the thousands of years of amazing history and archaeology that are present o explore there, but this seals the deal. This cave system is absolutely amazing, and the pictures are breathtaking. I have to be sure to visit.

The picture and the full article about the caves can be found at:

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/09/140927-largest-cave-china-exploration-science/?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=Social&utm_content=link_fb20140929news-chinacave&utm_campaign=Content&sf4875840=1

Eight things I learned from travel

This guy makes some great points that definitely fit with my experiences in Italy. The last one is oh so true.

Life After Liquidity

Travel Cover

As I write this post I am sitting in the Caltrain, passing through various suburbs of the San Francisco Bay peninsula on my way to the city. It’s comforting to be surrounded by so many familiar sites once again.

My wife and I have had quite a journey: 17 countries, dozens of cities, and countless airports/train stations/bus stations. We’ve witnessed both staggeringly beautiful phenomena (Northern Lights in the Yukon Territories) and horrifying moments (a mob beating up some dude in the streets of Istanbul) along the way. Fortunately, my wife and I came out the other end of our trip completely safe and with a lifetime of memories.

I’ve delayed writing this post as long as I could; it’s been taking me a while to process what I’ve learned from this trip. The short answer is: a lot.

I may not be able to cover all the lessons I’ve learned…

View original post 3,753 more words

Roman Baths

A friend of mine is currently studying abroad in London, and got the opportunity to go to Bath, England this weekend. In honor of that, I thought we’d take a look into the workings of Roman baths (and looks at some cools pictures, of course). Most people don’t know that Roman baths involved more than just giant bathtubs; they were gyms and social centers as well. Romans would typically go to the gym, or palaestra in latin, and exercise before indulging in the actual baths. preparing for a work out in ancient Rome didn’t just include stretches. There are two huge things that have really changed in the modern gym. One: the romans would apply oil to their skin before a workout to collect any sweat and dirt that had,and would, accumulate through their workout and daily activities, and two: they stripped. Yes, ladies and gentlemen, the Romans exercised naked. (So did the Greeks, by the way, most notably in the Olympic games. Can’t say I’m sorry we stopped that tradition.) After tier workout, a good Roman would then move towards the baths. One didn’t simply dive in, however, there was a specific order in which a roman would partake in the different tubs. Baths typically had three pools of varying water temperature. the Frigidarium, or cold bath, would come first. This seems a fitting way to cool off after a good work out. next was the Tempidarium (warm room) and then the Caldarium (hot room). I think it is clear that the Romans didn’t bathe the way we do today. Remember the oil that they covered themselves with when they entered the baths? That is their soap. During their visit to the Caldarium, this oil gets scraped of with a curved implement called a strigil, which looked like this:

 

Roman strigil and oil flask

This picture also shows a glass flask that probably would have held oil. (picture from: http://www.stalbansmuseums.org.uk/Media/Museum-Images/Roman-strigil-and-oil-flask).

I’m sure you’ve probably seen this statue (Apoxyomenos by Lysippos), that depicts a young man cleaning himself with  strigil, that is unfortunately now missing. (Picture from: http://maa.missouri.edu/objects/castgallery/castApoxyomenos.html)

Apoxyomenos

So now that the Roman experience in the baths has been briefly discussed, I want to talk a little about how the romans engineered their baths.  Obviously, there was no electric water heater, so how did the hot baths stay hot? The answer is simple, yet marvelous Roman engineering. the Romans used something called a hypocaust system. In layman’s terms, under the floor of the hot baths were small towers of brick raising the level of the floor, so that there was a space beneath it. there would be an opening able to access this space, where a hearth would be placed. the fire in hearth would heat the air underneath the floor of the hot bath and therefore heat the water. Simple, but brilliant. Here is an example from Fiesole:

IMG_1167

 

In Bath, where my friend is now, the Caldarium is fueled by natural hot springs, so this set up wasnt necessary. I do suggest you visit if you have chance though, since the baths are incredibly beautiful.

baths

 

Newly Discovered Tomb in Greece

http://news.ancientworldsociety.com/wordpress/amphipolis-the-marble-door-that-leads-to-the-fourth-chamber-of-the-tomb/

The new discovery of an eleborate tomb in what was ancient Macedoinia, home of Alexander the Great, had been causing a lot of hype lately. Here is the most recent article on the progress of the excavation and what is planned for moving forward. I personally agree with the archaologists and believe that the tomb belongs to a member of Alexander’s royal family, but I also secretely hope that the tomb was originally meant for him, and was closed upon his death in Babylon. What do you guys think?

(picture fromm http://greece.greekreporter.com/files/amphipolis-caryatids-e1410616841557.jpg)